Resource Details

Taungya in the Philippines

Literature: Books or Book Chapters

Jordan, C.F. 1992. “Taungya in the Philippines” in Taungya: Forest plantations with agriculture in Southeast Asia, Jordan, C.F, Gajaseni, J. and Watanabe, H. (eds). Sustainable Rural Development Series No. 1, CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp.112-120.


Available in the Yale University Library


  • This book chapter provides a description of the ecological effects of deforestation in the Philippines and a history of the failed social forestry programs that began in the 1970s (Forest Occupancy Management Project, Family Approach to Reforestation, Communal Tree Farming Program, Industrial Tree Plantation, Tree Farming, Agro-Forestry Farming, all merged in 1982 into Integrated Social Forestry Program). 
  • Native dipterocarp forests provided an important source of revenue for the Philippines in the past, but they no longer do, and re-establishment of these forests is not being promoted by the government. 
  • The author suggests that re-establishment must be supported by investment from the government, international banks, and development agencies, and is important for conservation and economic reasons.  Social forestry programs will not support native forest re-establishment because the time to pay-off is too long for peasants. Taungya systems can lessen competition between industrial forestry and agriculture, and native species may be more appropriate for long-term plantations because they are better adapted to local soils and pests.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • Philippines
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