Resource Details

On the restoration of high diversity forests: 30 years of experience in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Rodrigues, R.R., Lima, R.A.F., Gandolfi, S. & Nave, A.G. 2009, "On the restoration of high diversity forests: 30 years of experience in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest", Biological Conservation, vol. 142, no. 6, pp. 1242-1251.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author: raflima@esalq.usp.br

Affiliations

  • Laboratório de Ecologia e Restauração Florestal (LERF), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, ESALQ - Universidade de São Paulo. Av. Pádua Dias, 11, CEP 13418-900, P.O. Box 9, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil

Link(s)

Biological Conservation

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.

Also available at no cost http://www.lerf.esalq.usp.br/divulgacao/produzidos/artigos/2009bcv142n6p1242-1251.pdf

Description

  • This review evaluates the restoration of Brazil's Atlantic forest by drawing from many sources (published and not published).
  • Ecological restoration is a technique used when an ecosystem cannot naturally recover from disturbances or when that process may take over centuries to occur.
  • Reforestation in Atlantic Brazil took place in a few different phases ranging from government-sponsored plantations in up until 1982, a focus on native species plantations from 1982-1985, higher diversity of species used from 1985 to 2000, a focus on restoring process rather than copying the structure of natural forests was expanded from 2000-2003, and finally a conscious effort to improve intraspecific genetic diversity and seed acquisition from 2003 to today.
  • The authors describe the model for tree planting approached by the Laboratório de Ecologia e Restauração Florestal (LERF).
  • In this project, a plantation was designed with ecological or succesional processes in mind.
  • Fast growing trees of 15-30 species were planted in some rows to improve environmental conditions, control erosion, and suppress exotic weed growth.
  • Additionally "diversity" rows of trees were planted of 70-80 species that represent late secondary or climax species to promote the longer term functional diversity of the system.
  • Continued monitoring is necessary but early findings suggest faster growth and more success than other plantation projects.
  • The authors assert that public policies should be used more intensively to stimulate large scale reforestation efforts in the Brazilian Atlantic forest.
  • However, there have been some positive public policy efforts in recent years.
  • In 2003, federal laws encouraged increased and more diverse seedling production, and in 2005 a federal restoration fund was created to encourage projects and research on the Atlantic Forest.
  • Finally, the authors suggest that restoration efforts in the Brazilian Amazon have demonstrated the need to approach restoration in different ways based on the site conditions.
  • They recommend that forest managers "diagnose" the status of degradation and fragmentation and "prescribe" a restoration treatment that best fits with that diagnosis.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Coastal Atlantic South America
  • Country

  • Brazil
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at elti@yale.edu to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.

     

    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute