Resource Details

Tree planting by small producers in the tropics: A comparative study of Brazil and Panama

Literature: Journal Articles

Simmons, C., Walker, R. & Wood, C. 2002, "Tree planting by small producers in the tropics: A comparative study of Brazil and Panama", Agroforestry Systems, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 89-105.

Contact Info

Corresponding Authors: Cynthia.simmons@ssc.msu.edu; cynthia.simmons@cmich.edu; rwalker@msu.edu

Affiliations

  • Central Michigan University Department of Geography Dow Science Building MI 48859 Mt. Pleasant US Dow Science Building MI 48859 Mt. Pleasant US
  • Michigan State University Department of Geography 314 Natural Science Building MI 48824-1115 East Lansing US 314 Natural Science Building MI 48824-1115 East Lansing US
  • University of Florida, Center for Latin American Studies 319 Grinter Hall FL 32611 Gainesville US 319 Grinter Hall FL 32611 Gainesville US

Link(s)

Agroforestry Systems

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Species Info

Panama:
Tectona grandis (exotic)
Cedrela spp.
Tabebuia rosea
Acacia Koa (exotic)
Espinosa (Common Name - may be Paquira quinata)


Brazil:
Swietenia macrophylla
Bertholletia excelsa
Tectona grandis (exotic)
Carapa guianensis
Machaerium spp.
Cordia spp.
Tabebuia spp.
Platymiscium spp.
Cedrela spp.

Description

  • This research evaluates the reforestation behavior of small-holder farmers in Brazil and Panama.
  • Through systematic sampling surveys as well as more in-depth tree planting surveys, the authors evaluate legal considerations, tenure security, and tree species associated with small farmer reforestation plantings.
  • The authors found higher occurrence of tree planting in Panama which appears to be more linked to market incentives and has more accessibility to markets by its proximity to Panama City.
  • For both countries, land tenure security was positively correlated with reforestation activities.
  • The tree planting in both countries has been a recent phenomenon, with most trees planted in the 1900s.
  • Of the earlier plantings, Panama had some trees planted in 1980, while Brazil had trees that were planted earlier.
  • Panama had higher occurrence of tree plantings, however the diversity of species planted was higher in Brazil.
  • The authors suggest that reforestation by small farmers can have important impacts on the national and global scale.

Country

  • Panama
  • Brazil
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