Resource Details

Forest rehabilitation and its implication for forest transition theory

Literature: Journal Articles

de Jong, W. 2010. "Forest rehabilitation and its implication for forest transition theory" Biotropica, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 3-9.

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Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan


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  • This article reviews the historical time periods of forest rehabilitation (in Vietnam, Philippines, China, Peru, Indonesia, and Brasil).
    • Colonial forest rehabilitation - 1910-1930 (Philippines, Indonesia) - usually plantation or government driven and exclusive of local people
    • National forest rehabilitation - 1945-70s – occurred in Asian countries, usually involved plantations, somewhat involved local communities, largely timber focused 
    • Internationally supported forest rehabilitation – 1970s- 90s (donor driven) similar to the national forest rehab phase in that it still focused on the national level
    • Participatory forest rehabilitation - 1990 – present – more tied to rural development, involved local communities
  • Authors conclude that despite extensive tree planting, forest cover in these countries did not increase until the 90's (when deforestation began to slow in Vietnam and China). Authors suggest that because forest rehab projects in rural areas were not inclusive of local people, planted trees were either logged or not maintained (citing China and Indonesia).
  • More recent forest planting activities that involve community participation and utilize fruit trees (favored by locals) are proving to be more successful. 
  • Drivers of forest transition include economic growth, higher labor costs, higher agricultural productivity, wood scarcity, and high timber prices.

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