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Cost-effectiveness of dryland forest restoration evaluated by spatial analysis of ecosystem services

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Birch, J.C., Newton, A.C., Alvarez, C., Cantarello, E., Echeverría, C., Kitzberger, T., Schiappacasse, I., & Tejedor, N. 2010, "Cost-effectiveness of dryland forest restoration evaluated by spatial analysis of ecosystem services", PNAS, vol. 107, no. 50, pp. 21925–21930.

Contact Info



  • Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Change, Bournemouth University, Poole, United Kingdom;
  • Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
  • Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
  • Laboratorio Ecotono Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medio Ambiente Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Bariloche, Argentina
  • Departamento de Economía, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile



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  • This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of dryland forest restoration through a comparative analysis of four study areas in Latin America.
  • The authors used modeling for multiple ecosystem services, to estimate both costs and benefits of restoring dryland forests under a range of economic valuation conditions.
  • Study concludes that in their four study areas, passive forest restoration had positive net social benefit (NSB), as opposed to active restoration which was overall not cost-effective and had negative NSB.


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