Resource Details

Restoring Ecological Functions

Literature: Books or Book Chapters

Mansourian, S., Placci, G., Dudley, N., Walker, L. Holz, S. 2005, "Restoring Ecological Functions" in Forest Restoration in Landscapes: Beyond Planting Trees, eds. S. Mansourian, D. Vallauri & N. Dudley, (in cooperation with WWF international) Springer, New York, pp. 185-256.


WWF International




In this section, authors argue that active restoration is sometimes necessary to facilitate or restore ecosystem restoration; invasive plants need to be removed or deadwood snags can be created.

Policy conflicts might occur where restoration is necessary in designated wilderness areas (more applicable to North America and Europe).  

WWF has worked in the Atlantic forests of Brasil where restoration activities were combined with planting and sustainable harvest of heart of palm (Euterpe edulis) and yerba mate (Ilex paraguarensis). Authors state that the fruit of yerba mate attracts birds and facilitates overall forest recovery.

In other areas, soil needs to be stabilized in order to ensure survival of planted species; this can include use of exotic species or ferns, even though this may slow the eventual growth of the native forest.  

Geographical Region

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  • Ecosystems

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