Resource Details

Carbon sequestration versus bioenergy: A case study from South India exploring the relative land-use efficiency of two options for climate change mitigation

Literature: Journal Articles

Rootzen, J.M., Berndes, G., Ravindranath, N.H., Somashekar, H.I., Murthy, I.K., Sudha, P., & Ostwald M. 2010. “Carbon sequestration versus bioenergy: A case study from South India exploring the relative land-use efficiency of two options for climate change mitigation” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 34, pp. 116-123.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
  • ASTRA & Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, 560 012 Bangalore, India
  • Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Linköping University, 601 74 Norrköping, Sweden
  • Department of Earth Sciences, Göteborg University, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden


Biomass and Bioenergy

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Species Info

  • Eucalyptus spp. (exotic)
  • Cassia siamea (native)
  • Acacia auriculiformis (exotic)
  • Dalbergia sisso (native)


  • The authors present a case study that compares afforestation versus bioenergy for climate change mitigation in the context of meeting increasing demand for electricity in Hosahalli village, Karnataka, India.
  • The study aims to address the question of which land-use strategy can offer the most effective way to meet the different objectives of the project: reliable electricity supply, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, cost effectiveness; and rural development.
  • The power generation system was based on biomass produced on a 4 ha plantation of Eucalyptus spp. (58%), Cassia siamea (22%), Acacia auriculiformis (13%) and Dalbergia sisso (7%) planted between 1988 and 1992.
  • The different options were assessed using the Project-based Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis Process model and ranked depending on system boundaries and time period.
  • Results indicated that, in the short term (30 years), the mitigation potential of the long rotation plantation is largest, followed by the short rotation plantation delivering wood for energy. The bioenergy option (continuous harvest) is however preferred if a long-term view is taken.



Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • India
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