Resource Details

REDD+ readiness implications for Sri Lanka in terms of reducing deforestation

Literature: Journal Articles

Mattsson, E., Persson, U.M., Ostwald, M., & Nissanka S.P. 2012. “REDD+ readiness implications for Sri Lanka in terms of reducing deforestation” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 100, pp. 29-40.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:



  • Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Box 460, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden
  • Gothenburg Centre of Globalization & Development, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden
  • Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
  • Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Linköping University, 601 74 Norrköping, Sweden
  • Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka


Journal of Environmental Management

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  • The authors construct a historical reference level of emissions from deforestation in Sri Lanka using available forest inventory data and in situ carbon density data. They also attempt to identify drivers of deforestation in Sri Lanka and to estimate the opportunity cost and possible climate benefits of forest conservation.
  • In 2008-2009, above-ground biomass was estimated for each tree in 193 single sample plots located in lowland rainforests (96), sub-montane forests (10), montane forests (24), moist monsoon forests (10), dry monsoon forests (16), and open and sparse forests (36).
  • In each 0.09 ha plot ( 30x30m), diameter at breast height (>3 cm), tree height, and species information were recorded for each tree.
  • Since no allometric relationships could be found for the Sri Lankan context, the authors used two allometric models (Winrock and Luckman) developed for tropical forests and a modified tree volume formula to account for tree shape and wood density.
  • The authors estimated that baseline deforestation emissions in Sri Lanka amounted to 17 MtCO2 yr-1between 1992and 1996 and that the majority of forest clearing (87%) is due to small-scale, rainfed farming, followed by rice and tea cultivation.
  • In terms of opportunity costs, the authors concluded that Sri Lankan revenues from REDD+ participation could be substantial, but they are sensitive to policy transaction costs, highly uncertain timber revenues, and the carbon price which needs to be higher than $5e10/tCO2 to incentivize participation.


Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • India
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