Resource Details

Forest conservation, afforestation, and reforestation in India: Implications for forest carbon stocks

Literature: Journal Articles

Ravindranath, N.H., Chaturvedi, R.J., & Murthy, I.K. 2008. “Forest conservation, afforestation, and reforestation in India: Implications for forest carbon stocks” Current Science, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 216-222.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute for Science, Bangalore 560-012, INDIA
  • Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute for Science, Bangalore 560-012, INDIA


Current Science

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  • Considering India’s goal to have 1/3 of their land area forested by 2012, this article assesses the implications of past and current forest conservation and regeneration policies and carbon stock programs.
  • The authors also used Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis Process (CONAP) to estimate carbon stock between 2006 and 2030 in both a business as usual scenario and projected forestation using national data sets for 1980-2005 from both Indian government agencies and the United Nations .
  • In the 1980s, an aggressive afforestation program has resulted in an average annual afforestation rate of 1.32 M/ha2. Including plantation forestry, this would result in 33 Mha of newly forested land for a total of 72.19 Mha countrywide.
  • In a business as usual scenario the existing forest stock will remain stable at 8.79GtC. With afforestation and reforestation carbon stock will reach 9.75 GtC by year 2030, an increase of 11%.
  • The article then continues to discuss national policies that could impact their assesment and the significance that stable carbon stocks will have in India given its unique social and economic conditions.



Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • India
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