Resource Details

A review of the floral composition and distribution of mangroves in Sri Lanka

Literature: Journal Articles

Jayatissa, L.P., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. & Koedam, N. 2002. “A review of the floral composition and distribution of mangroves in Sri Lanka” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 138, pp. 29–43.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Department of Botany, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka
  • Laboratory of General Botany and Nature Management, Mangrove Management Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium


Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

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Species Info

  • Acanthus ilicifolius
  • Acanthus volubilis
  • Aegiceras corniculatum
  • Annona glabra
  • Avicennia alba
  • Avicennia marina
  • Avicennia officinalis
  • Barringtonia asiatica
  • Barringtonia racemosa
  • Bruguiera cylindrica
  • Bruguiera gymnorhiza
  • Bruguiera hainesii
  • Bruguiera parviflora
  • Bruguiera sexangula
  • Callophyllum inophyllum
  • Cerbera manghas
  • Ceriops decandra
  • Ceriops tagal
  • Clerodendron inerme
  • Cynometra iripa
  • Derris spp
  • Dolichandrone spathacea
  • Excoecaria agallocha
  • Excoecaria indica
  • Heritiera littoralis
  • Hibiscus tiliaceus
  • Kandelia candel
  • Lumnitzera littorea
  • Lumnitzera racemosa
  • Nypa fruticans
  • Pemphis acidula
  • Phoenix paludosa
  • Phoenix zeylanica
  • Premna integrifolia
  • Rhizophora annamalayana
  • Rhizophora apiculata
  • Rhizophora mucronata
  • Sapium indicum (Shirakiopsis indica)
  • Scyphiphora hydrophylacea
  • Sonneratia alba
  • Sonneratia apetala
  • Sonneratia caseolaris
  • Sonneratia griffithii
  • Sonneratia ovata
  • Sphaeranthus amaranthoides
  • Tamarix galica
  • Thespesia populnea
  • Xylocarpus granatum
  • Xylocarpus mekongen
  • Xylocarpus moluccensis 


  • The article reviews literature on the numbers and distributions of Sri Lankan mangrove species and highlights the causes of overestimation while attempting to provide an accurate count based on standardized fieldwork over a 4-year period along the coast between Palatupana and Puttalam, Sri Lanka.
  • The authors name some examples of mischaracterized or misidentified species from previous studies, and address the importance of clearly defining the terms for mangroves.
  • The study indicates that there are at present 20 identified ‘mangrove species’ (major and minor components) and at least 18 ‘mangrove associates’ in their study area.
  • Incorrect identification has implications for interpretation of species composition in the framework of biogeography, remote sensing and biological conservation and management.



Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Mangrove
  • Country

  • Sri Lanka
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