Resource Details

Seedling Production Methods of Dipterocarps

Literature: Books or Book Chapters

Adjers, G. & Otsamo, A. 1996, "Seedling Production Methods of Dipterocarps" in Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems: Towards Sustainable Management, eds. A. Schulte & D. Schone, World Scientific, Singapore, pp. 391-410.


  • German Agency for Technical Cooperation


Available for purchase at:

Some pages freely available from Google Books at this link.

Species Info

  • Shorea johorensis
  • Shorea leprosula
  • Shorea parvifolia
  • Dipterocarpus cornutus
  • Shorea polyandra
  • Diperocarpus kunstleri
  • Hopea sangal
  • Shorea fallax
  • Shorea ovalis
  • Shorea faguetiana


  • In order to meet the need of large-scale rehabilitation and reforestation of native dipterocarp forests in Southeast Asia, this book chapter suggests that more information and experience is needed on how to collect and grow dipterocarp seedlings.
  • The cultivation of dipterocarps can be difficult because fruiting only occurs in certain intervals; seeds are frequently eaten by rodents and insects; there is an absence of seed certification and grading; the seeds have short viability; there is a lack of animal vectors to disperse them over long distances; and the young seedlings can be sensitive to environmental factors.
  • Based on the existing literature and experiences from the Reforestation and Tropical Forest Management Project in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, the authors provide scientific information on the seed based production, wildling based production, vegetative propagation, and care of dipterocarp seedlings.
  • From a germination trial, the authors found that Shorea parvifolia, Shorea faguetiana, and Shorea fallax had the highest germination rates in a greenhouse and under shade netting.
  • In a study of wildlings planted in lines with overhead light, they found that survival, height, and diameter was greatest in Hopea sangal, Shorea leprosula, Shorea johorensis, Shorea parvifolia, and Shorea fallax.
  • The authors stress that as vegetative propagation of dipterocarps increases, forest managers need to consciously maintain the genetic diversity of the restored dipterocarp species.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Indonesia
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