Resource Details

Early species selection for tropical reforestation: A consideration of stability

Literature: Journal Articles

Butterfield, R.P. 1996, "Early species selection for tropical reforestation: A consideration of stability", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 81, no. 1-3, pp. 161-168.


  • Organization for Tropical Studies, Box 90630, Durham, NC 27708-0630, USA


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

Some native, some exotic species.

  • Acacia mangium (exotic)
  • Albizia guachapele
  • Cordia bicolor
  • Eucalyptus deglupta (exotic)
  • Gmelina arboreia (exotic)
  • Goethalsia meiantha
  • Hyeronima alchorneoides
  • Jacaranda copaia
  • Laetia procera
  • Nectandra membranacea
  • Ochroma pyramidale
  • Pinus caribaea (exotic)
  • Pinus tecunumanii (exotic)
  • Pithecellobium macradenium
  • Pseudobombax septenatum
  • Rollinia microsepala
  • Stryphnodendron microstachyum
  • Terminalia amazonia
  • Terminalia ivorensis
  • Terminalia superba
  • Vochysia ferruginea
  • Vochysia guatemalensis


  • In this research, the author describes how they screened a large number of timber species planted in abandoned pasture sites to test for the effect of different site conditions on tree growth and determine the species that grew with the highest variation in site conditions.
  • The author uses a technique to look at genotype x environment to evaluate stability of genotypes, or genotypes with the ability to perform consistently in multiple site conditions.
  • The species that exhibited the most effect of site condition on yield (unstable) were Ochroma pyramidale, Gmelina arborea, Terminalia superba, and Acacia mangium.
  • Many of the highest yielding species were also unstable and can be considered site specialists.
  • The author suggests that the most stable species, Vochysia guatemalensis, Jacaranda copaia, and Goethalsia meiantha, might be well suited for reforestation over larger areas with more variable site conditions.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute