Resource Details

Biodiversity persistence in highly human-modified tropical landscapes depends on ecological restoration

Literature: Journal Articles

Brancalion, P. H. S., Melo, F. P. L., Tabarelli, M., Rodrigues, R. R. 2013. Biodiversity persistence in highly human-modified tropical landscapes depends on ecological restoration. Tropical Conservation Science. Vol.6 (6):705-710.

Contact Info

  • Pedro H. S. Brancalion: pedrob@usp.br or (+55) 19 21058630
  • Felipe P.L. Melo: felipe.plmelo@ufpe.br
  • Marcelo Tabarelli: mtrelli@ufpe.br 
  • Ricardo R. Rodrigues: rrr.esalq@usp.br

Affiliations

  • Pedro H. S. Brancalion: Department of Forestry, University of São Paulo (ESALQ). 
  • Felipe P.L. Melo and Marcelo Tabarelli: Department of Botany, Federal University of Pernambuco
  • Ricardo R. Rodrigues: Department of Biology, University of São Paulo (ESALQ). 

Link(s)

Tropical Conservation Science

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Description

  • This paper shows how forest restoration can enhance biodiversity and describes some programs and experiences underway in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest that offer lessons learned to apply elsewhere.
  • Ecological restoration is the main alternative to maintain biodiversity and ecosystem resilience in highly fragmented landscapes. Some models of restoration, as agroforestry systems, combine biodiversity maintenance, ecosystem services enhancement, and food production, playing an important role in supporting sustainable socio-economic development in marginalized rural communities.
  • The restoration techniques can: i) reconnect forest remnants, improve landscape structure and protect fragments from disturbances; ii) provide additional forest cover, improve ecosystem quality and reestablish successional trajectory.  However, inside highly modified human landscapes, adaptive management must be adopted in order to keep the forest remnant protected and reduce edge effects. Such management should include eradication of invasive species and strategic species’ enrichment, such rare and key functional plant groups.
  • Many governments and NGOs have adopted ecological restoration as the main tool for landscape reintegration and biodiversity conservation. In Brazil, the Atlantic Forest Pact has brought 240 members together and has influenced key stakeholders involved in conservation, land management and ecological restoration. Thisinitiative and some others have grown investments by both public and private sectors in large-scale restoration programs.
  • The paper still states that conservation policies should include restoration among the strategies to mitigate species’ extinction and to support the creation of biodiversity friendly-landscapes. 

Geographical Region

  • Coastal Atlantic South America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Brazil
  • Subject

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