Resource Details

Early growth performance of native and introduced fast growing tree species in wet to sub-humid climates of the Southern region of Costa Rica

Literature: Journal Articles

Calvo-Alvarado, J.C., Arias, D. & Richter, D.D. 2007, "Early growth performance of native and introduced fast growing tree species in wet to sub-humid climates of the Southern region of Costa Rica", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 242, no. 2-3, pp. 227-235

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica (ITCR), Cartago, Costa Rica
  • Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. USA


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

  • Gmelina arborea (exotic)
  • Vochysia ferruginea
  • Vochysia guatemalensis
  • Hieronyma alchorneoides
  • Calophyllum brasiliense
  • Schizolobium parahyba
  • Terminalia amazonia


  • The authors present information on the growth of seven-year old native tree species planted in abandon pasture with low fertility acid soils in the southern pacific region of Costa Rica.
  • They evaluated trees in four different ecoregions of varying elevation and precipitation.
  • The exotic Gmelina arborea had the highest height growth in 3 of the four ecoregions, but also exhibits the greatest different in maximum and minimum yield.
  • Vochysia guatemalensis was more stable and had the highest growth of the native species, but still was only 46% of the growth of G. arborea and 60% of Pinus Caribaea.
  • P. caribaea had high growth except in the high-moisture conditions of one eco-region. Calophyllum brasiliense and Schizolobium parabyba had high mortality rates.
  • The other native species (Vochysia ferruginea, Vochysia guatemalensis, Hieronyma alchorneoides, Terminalia amazonia) had good potential for reforestation.
  • In areas with high moisture, the difference between species was less significant, whereas in the areas with more dry seasons and lower rainfall, the exotic species greatly outperformed the native species.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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