Resource Details

Impact of Pine Plantations on Soils and Vegetation in the Ecuadorian High Andes

Literature: Journal Articles

Hofstede, R.G.M., Groenendijk, J.P., Coppus, R., Fehse, J.C., Sevink, J., 2002. "Impact of pine plantations on soils and vegetation in the Ecuadorian high Andes." Mountain Research and Development, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 159-167.

Contact Info

  • Robert G.M. Hoftstede
    • E-Mail:
  • Jeroen P. Groenendijk
    • E-Mail:
  • Ruben Copus
    • E-Mail:
  • Jan C. Fehse
    • E-Mail:
  • Jan Sevink
    • E-Mail:


  • Proyecto ECOPAR-PARAMO (Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics/University of Amsterdam), Ultimas Noticias N37-78 y El Comercio, Quito, Ecuador
  • Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED), University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 318, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands


Mountain Research and Development

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Species Info

  • Pinus radiata
  • Pinus patula


  • In the Ecuadorian Andes (3000-4000m elevation) pine plantations of different ages and management were evaluated for soils and vegetation against natural forest and grazed grasslands. These plantations were situated on volcanic soils.
  • No generalizable impacts of plantations were found. In some plantations limited regeneration of Andean woody species was found; in some plantations virtually no regeneration was found. The vegetation under pine plantations resembled that of extensively grazed paramo grasslands, in respect to woody species and overall species composition.
  • Soils under pine plantations seem to be drier and less organic with higher bulk density.
  • Effects of pine plantations in the Ecuadorian Andes vary by region, previous land use, and present management. Use of plantations for local economic purposes (fuelwood, etc.) needs to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis in this region.

Geographical Region

  • Andean Region
  • Ecosystems

  • Montane Forest
  • Country

  • Ecuador
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