Resource Details

Early Effects of Four Fast-Growing Tree Species and Their Planting Density on Ground Vegetation in Imperata grasslands

Literature: Journal Articles

Otsamo, Antti. 2002. "Early effect of four fast-growing tree species and their planting density on ground vegetation in Imperata grasslands." New Forests, vol. 23, no. 1, pp.1-17.

Contact Info

  • E-mail:
  • fax: +358-204624960


  • Stora Enso Forest Consulting Oy Ltd., Kuparintie, 47, 55100 Imatra, Finland


New Forests

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription.  For more information on access, see sidebar.

Species Info

  • Acacia mangium
  • Acacia crassicarpa
  • Gmelina arborea
  • Paraserianthes falcataria
  • Imperata cylindrical
  • Chromolaena odorata
  • Clibadium surnamense


  • The study aimed to test the early effects of four successful reforestation fast-growing exotics tree species and alternative planting densities on the development of ground vegetation. The study was conducted in Riam Kiwa, South Kalimantan, Indonesia in Imperate grasslands.
  • The four fast-growing exotics tree species used in the study were Acacia mangium, Acacia crassicarpa, Gmelina arborea, and Paraserianthes falcataria.
  • The result of the study suggested that fast growing tree species differ in their effects on suppressing ground vegetation development in tree plantatyions in Imperata grasslands. The rank of species is Gmelina arborea (strongest), Acacia mangium, Acacia crassicarpa, and Paraserianthes falcataria (weakest).
  • Increasing planting density affected the ground vegetation development. A linear relationship was found between increasing distance between planted trees and grass biomass for all tested species.
  • The author suggested to plant strong competing plantation tree species on Imperata grasslands in first-rotation plantations as the ground vegetation development will directly affect the fire susceptibility and the maintenance need of plantations.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Indonesia
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute