Resource Details

Overcoming ecological barriers to tropical lower montane forest succession on anthropogenic grasslands: Synthesis and future prospects

Literature: Journal Articles

Gunaratne, A.M.T.A., Gunatilleke, C.V.S., Gunatilleke, I.A.U.N, Madawala, H.M.S.P, and Burslem, D.F.R.P. 2014. "Overcoming ecological barriers to tropical lower montane forest succession on anthropogenic grasslands: Synthesis and future prospects." Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 329, pp. 340-350.

Contact Info

  • Corresponding author: A.M.T.A. Gunaratne.
    • E-Mail:
    • Tel.: +94 81 2394533
    • Fax: +94 81 2388018


  • Department of Botany, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya 20400, Sri Lanka
  • Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, Scotland, UK


Forest Ecology and Management

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Species Info

  • Macaranga indica
  • Symplocos cochinchinenss
  • Syzygium spathulatum
  • Dimocarpus longan
  • Sarcandra chloranthoides
  • Cymbopogon nardus
  • Calopogonium mucunoides
  • Centrosema pubescens
  • Pueraria phaseoloides
  • Austroeupatorium inulifolium
  • Caryota urens
  • Elletaria cardamomum
  • Piper nigram


  • This review attempted to address the difficulty in restoring grasslands to secondary tropical forest through reforestation. Proposed tactics were discussed for future recruitment strategies for woody vegetation.
  • Examined work in Knuckles Forest Reserve (KFR) in the lower montane tropical rainforest and grasslands of Sri Lanka.
  • It was found that there is difficulty in seed dispersal due to the lack of dispersers that are willing to go into the grasslands. Birds and bats for example should be incentivized.
  • Secondly, it was found that seedling establishment is much more successful in forest gaps. Exclusion of herbivorous animals can promote regeneration, decreasing root competition with grasses, suppressing disturbance, and proximity to forest can all have profound effects on germination and growth of progeny.
  • Lastly, it was advised to select species that are of social value to locals to incentivize promotion of restoration of these areas to inhibit further degradation of these lands.

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • Sri Lanka
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