Resource Details

Mangrove reforestation in Vietnam: the effect of sediment physicochemical properties on nutrient cycling

Literature: Journal Articles

Oxmann, J.F., Pham, Q.H., Schwendenmann, L., Stellman, J.M. & Lara, R.J. 2010, "Mangrove reforestation in Vietnam: the effect of sediment physicochemical properties on nutrient cycling", Plant & Soil, vol. 326, no. 1, pp. 225-241.


  • Department of Biogeochemistry, Center for Tropical Marine Ecology, Fahrenheitstr. 6, 28359 Bremen, Germany
  • Department of Botany and Ecology, University of Natural Sciences, Nguyen Van Cu Str. 227, Dist. 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Tropical Silviculture and Forest Ecology, Burckhardt-Institute, University of Göttingen, Buesgenweg 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Downstate Medical Center, State University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA


Plant and Soil

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Species Info

  • Rhizophora apiculata


  • A common cause of failure of mangrove reforestation is from the changes in sediment properties that occurred when the vegetation was removed from the sediment.
  • In the Saigon River Delta in Southern Vietnam, large amounts of herbicides were sprayed during the Second Indochina war, which lead to the destruction of dense mangrove vegetation.
  • After the war, reforestation, using Rhizophora apiculata seeds and saplings, took place between 1978 and 1986.
  • This research evaluates the spatial gradients of redox potential (Eh) and pH as well as the sediment aluminum, iron, phosphorous, calcium, and nitrogen in transects along the planted stands.
  • The authors found that pH (acidity) had a strongly negative affect on the sediment nutrients and leaf P and N in the reforestation plot (except for sediment N which increased with acidity).
  • The increase in iron and aluminum with acidity appeared not to affect mangrove growth.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Vietnam
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